Weight loss surgery is an option for people who are
severely obese and cannot lose weight with diet and exercise alone.
People seeking weight loss surgery may suffer from serious
obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, high blood
pressure, joint pain, and problems with sleep.
There are three main types of weight loss
Restrictive surgery limits food intake by placing a row of
staples or a band around the stomach. This limits the amount of
food that can pass from the upper part of the stomach into the
larger lower part of the stomach. The restrictive surgery reduces
the amount of food the stomach can hold and slows the passage of
food through the stomach resulting in a lower calorie intake.
Examples of restrictive surgery include laparoscopic adjustable
gastric band and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.
Malabsorptive surgery does not limit food intake, but
instead bypasses a portion of the small intestine so fewer calories
and nutrients are absorbed.
Combined Restrictive and Malabsorptive
Combination surgery unites both restrictive and
malabsorptive surgeries to produce weight loss. An example of a
combination surgery is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
Like all treatments for obesity, the best results are
achieved with healthy eating behaviors and regular physical
Alternatives to Weight Loss
Weight loss surgery should be a last resort for people
looking to lose weight. There are many different non-surgical
options available to people looking to lose weight without surgery.
These options include low calorie diets, exercise, liquid diets and
FDA approved prescription medications. Ask the bariatric surgery
team about the Adult Weight Management Program at Lourdes where you
can work with a physician, a nutritionist, an exercise
physiologist, and a psychologist to try to lose weight without
For more information or to schedule an
appointment with our Bariatric Nurse Navigator, please call us at